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WHAT IS MATERIAL FACTS IN A PLEADING

Sopan Sukhdeo Sable & ors vs. Assistant Charity Commissioner - (2004) 3 SCC 137 There is distinction between 'material facts' and 'particulars'. The words 'material facts' show that the facts necessary to formulate a complete cause of action must be stated. Omission of a single material fact leads to an incomplete cause of action and the statement or plaint becomes bad. …………. Court in Samant N. Balkrishna v. George Fernandez (1969 (3) SCC 238), the distinction between "material facts" and "particulars" was brought out in the following terms:
The word 'material' shows that the facts necessary to formulate a complete cause of action must be stated. Omission of a single material fact leads to an incomplete cause of action and the statement of claim becomes bad. The function of particulars is to present as full a picture of the cause of action with such further information in detail as to make the opposite party understand the case he will have to meet.

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