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WHAT CONSTITUTES PARTITIONS EXPLAINS SC

WHAT IS PARTITION ?
Justice A Sen, Justice D Desai, Justice V Tulzapurkar of Supreme court of India in the case of Kalyani (Dead) By Lrs. vs Narayanan And Ors. Reported in AIR 1980 SC 1173, 1980 Supp (1) SCC 298, 1980 2 SCR 1130 Partition is a word of technical import in Hindu law. Partition in one sense is a severance of joint status and coparcener of a coparcenary is entitled to claim it as a matter of his individual volition. In this narrow sense all that is necessary to constitute partition is a definite and unequivocal indication of his intention by a member of a joint family to separate himself from the family and enjoy his share in severally. Such an unequivocal intention to separate brings about a disruption of joint family status, at any rate, in respect of separating member or members and thereby puts an end to the coparcenary with right of survivorship and such separated member holds from the time of disruption of joint family as tenant-in-common. Such partition has an impact on devolution of shares of such members. It goes to his heirs displacing survivorship. Such partition irrespective of whether it is accompanied or followed by division of properties by metes and bounds covers both a division of right and division of property . A disruption of joint family status by a definite and unequivocal indication to separate implies separation in interest and in right, although not immediately followed by a de facto actual division of the subject-matter. This may at any time, be claimed by virtue of the separate right. A physical and actual division of property by metes and bounds follows from disruption of status and would be termed partition in a broader sense.
WHAT CONSTITUTES PARTITIONS EXPLAINS SC
Justice A Sen, Justice D Desai, Justice V Tulzapurkar of Supreme court of India in the case of Kalyani (Dead) By Lrs. vs Narayanan And Ors. Reported in AIR 1980 SC 1173, 1980 Supp (1) SCC 298, 1980 2 SCR 1130 However, in Hindu law qua joint family and joint family property the word 'partition' is understood in a special sense. If severance of joint status is brought about by a deed, a writing or an unequivocal declaration of intention to bring about such disruption, qua the joint family, it constitutes partition. To constitute a partition all that is necessary is a definite and unequivocal indication of intention by a member of a joint family to separate himself from the family. What form such intimation, indication or representation of such interest should take would depend upon the circumstances of each case. A further requirement is that this unequivocal indication of intention to separate must be to the knowledge of the persons affected by such declaration. A review of the decisions shows that this intention to separate may be manifested in diverse ways. It may be by notice or by filing a suit. Undoubtedly, indication or intimation must be to members of the joint family likely to be affected by such a declaration.

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